Foliage is a phenomenon that happens every fall, when the leaves on the trees change colour and turn the landscape into a live artist’s palette of warm and bright shades. This natural spectacle is admired and appreciated across the world, and Umbria is one of the ideal destinations to enjoy it.
Foliage: a fascinating phenomenon
The term foliage is used to describe how leaves change in the fall, causing them to turn different colours. This fascinating occurrence is the result of a series of biological processes that happen inside plants during this season. In fact, the days get shorter and the temperatures get cooler, causing a drop in the production of chlorophyl, the green pigment responsible for photosynthesis. This process allows the other pigments in the leaves, such as anthocyans (red and violet) and carotenoids (yellow and orange) to emerge, creating the variety of colours that we admire.
Umbria offers the best conditions for fall foliage
The ideal conditions for foliage include cool fall temperatures, sunny days and chilly nights. These factors help the gradual transition of the colours and the fall shades to intensify. Umbria presents these ideal conditions during the fall, making it the perfect destination to enjoy foliage.
When is the best time?
The exact date when fall foliage reaches its peak can change from year to year, depending on the weather conditions and climate. Indeed in Umbria this show of colours usually reaches its peak between October and November. During this period the forests, national parks and hilly areas of Umbria turn into a palette of red, orange, yellow and green.
Which species of trees change colour in Umbria
In Umbria, foliage affects a variety of tree species. Some of the best examples of this transformation include beech, oak, maple, hazelnut and chestnut. These trees help create a great variety of colours and shapes in the Umbrian landscape.
What to do during fall foliage
Exploring Umbria during foliage offers a vast range of thrilling activities. Bike trips or easy hikes across trails immersed in the colours are the ideal option for travellers who love nature. Photographers will have countless opportunities to capture spectacular shots. Plus, visiting picturesque cities and villages such as Perugia, Assisi, Gubbio and Orvieto, offers opportunities to combine the charm of the foliage with the discovery of local culture, history and tradition.
Fall foliage is a celebration of the season’s beauty and testifies to the power of nature, that turns our world into a magical place.